09 Nov 2020

depression rates over time

2016;190:93–7. The utilization of psychiatric and psychotherapeutic services in Germany – individual determinants and regional differences. The number of sick days (past 12 months) was assessed in an identical way in both survey mental health modules using a self-administered questionnaire [21, 40] and dichotomized into “no” vs. “any” sick days for this study. In Germany, little is currently known about changes in depression prevalence over time. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. But according to a 2010 study by the CDC, African-Americans have the highest rate of current depression (12.8 percent), followed by Hispanics (11.4 percent), and whites (7.9 percent). Jacobi F, Höfler M, Strehle J, Mack S, Gerschler A, Scholl L, Busch MA, Hapke U, Maske U, Seiffert I, et al. 1994;28:57–84. 2004;13:93–121. “Many people are worried about how busy they are,” said Dr. Laurel Williams, chief of psychiatry at Texas Children’s Hospital. A further potential limitation could be related to the time lags between the core surveys and mental health supplements, which may have led to an underestimation of associations between 12-month MDD and health-related correlates. Figure 1 shows the past year prevalence of major depressive episode among U.S. adults aged 18 or older in 2017. Google Scholar. and persons in non-institutional group quarters (e.g., shelters, rooming/boarding houses, college dormitories, migratory workers' camps, and halfway houses). Treatment types include health professional only, medication only, and health professional and medication combined. Depression may also affect people of different demographics in different ways. DEGS: German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults. Can J Psychiatr. Health related quality of life in adults in Germany: results of the German health interview and examination survey for adults (DEGS1). The prevalence of major depressive episode was higher among adolescent females (20.0%) compared to males (6.8%). Article  Changes in the prevalence of major depression and comorbid substance use disorders in the United States between 1991-1992 and 2001-2002. Differences in anxiety and depression symptoms: comparison between older and younger clinical samples. Gütersloh: Bertelsmann Stiftung; 2014. Approximately 35% of adults with major depressive episode did not receive treatment. Bundesgesundheitsbl. Age range: 18–65; p-values: Rao-Scott chi-square test for testing differences between 1997–1999 and 2009–2012. 2016;190:167–77. People who have experienced depression before may be prone to developing it again after receiving a cancer diagnosis. Additional information can be found on the NIMH Health Topics page on Depression. “There’s a lack of community. It is also important to note that environmental factors, such as socioeconomic disadvantage and gender-based violence, can also influence depression in females. 2017:1005–13. Learn more about the other effects of substance abuse here. In … The best defense against depression may very well be knowledge and awareness. Challenging the myth of an “epidemic” of common mental disorders: trends in the global prevalence of anxiety and depression between 1990 and 2010. Reliability and validity studies of the WHO-composite international diagnostic interview (CIDI): a critical review. This number represented 9.4% of the U.S. population aged 12 to 17. This is mainly due to differing modes of administration in each survey (ACASI in NSDUH vs. computer-assisted personal interviewing in NCS-R), revisions to wording necessary to maintain the logical processes of the ACASI environment, and possible context effects resulting from deleting questions not explicitly pertinent to major depression. However, changes in mental wellbeing also occurred in the general population, which may have also contributed to an increase in depression diagnoses in the health care system. Haro JM, Arbabzadeh-Bouchez S, Brugha TS, de Girolamo G, Guyer ME, Jin R, Lepine JP, Mazzi F, Reneses B, Vilagut G, et al. Other types of depression include: The Prevalence of Depression in Combination With Other Conditions. Google Scholar. EK174062009). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1973-7, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-018-1973-7. Kovess-Masfety V, Briffault X, Sapinho D. Prevalence, risk factors, and use of health care in depression: a survey in a large region of France between 1991 and 2005. Treatment with medication alone was least common (6%). 2016;7:1398. 2007;22:397–403. Transforming the understanding and treatment of mental illnesses. For participants with 12-month MDD, depression severity was categorized based on the number of depression symptoms into “mild” (5 symptoms), “moderate” (6–7 symptoms) and “severe” (8–9 symptoms) (see [33]). J Affect Disord. Berlin: BPtK - Bundespsychotherapeutenkammer; 2013. The depression rate drops to 6.8 percent among those age 65 and older, however, suicide rates in elderly men are higher than other age groups, perhaps due to untreated depression and other illnesses. Concordance of the composite international diagnostic interview version 3.0 (CIDI 3.0) with standardized clinical assessments in the WHO world mental health surveys. © 2020 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. 2007;116:182–8. The following potential limitations should be considered interpreting the findings of the current study. For men, prevalence estimates did not significantly differ within age groups. Health-related quality of life in 1997–1999 (GHS-MHS: German National Health Interview and Examination Survey 1998, mental health supplement, weighted for population structure as of 12/31/1997. They also note that females are more likely than males to seek help for common mental health conditions from their primary care physician. Gosswald A, Lange M, Kamtsiuris P, Kurth BM. Therefore, trend analyses were based on a specific unified diagnostic algorithm. J Health Monitor. 27 percent of those with substance abuse problems, 33 percent of those who've had a heart attack. Gesundheitswesen. This may reflect other influences on depression, such as access to health care in the area, the population’s education level, and opportunity for employment. In fact, according to the NIMH, depression affects: Many studies have found that being divorced, separated, or widowed is closely linked to depression. International findings of increased lifetime depression prevalence and chronicity in younger cohorts appear to support this hypothesis [43, 45, 46]. BMC Psychiatry By contrast, North Dakota, Minnesota, Alaska, and Iowa have the lowest depression rates. Conceptual framework and item selection. CDC twenty four seven. 2013;56:814–21. World Psychiatry. Statistical significance was based on a two-sided significance level of 0.05. Prevalence of Depression in Men vs. Women. Mojtabai R. National trends in mental health disability, 1997-2009. Int Psychogeriatr. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. To date, national cross-sectional data has been lacking comparability over time due to divergent measures or diagnostic algorithms. People feeling depressed and experiencing suicidal thoughts should try to contact their doctor or a suicide helpline as soon as possible. Diagnosis rate and rate of change for major depression by age. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. EA2/047/08; Technische Universität Dresden: No. Revisions to the questions in the modules were made primarily to reduce their length and to modify the NCS-R questions, which are interviewer-administered, to the audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI) format used in NSDUH. Eaton WW, Kalaydjian A, Scharfstein DO, Mezuk B, Ding Y. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 1. For women with 12-month MDD reporting any sick days, there was a trend towards a decreased number of sick days over time, from an average of 39.6 days to 26.2 days (incidence rate ratio 0.7, p = 0.089), but no change for women without MDD. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). Ware JE Jr. SF-36 health survey update. The World Mental Health (WMH) survey initiative version of the World Health Organization (WHO) composite international diagnostic interview (CIDI). Message: Rates of depression among people living in residential care are much higher, at around 30 percent. Demographic changes had a marginal impact on the examined time trends within the considered age range. The proportion of days with limitations due to physical health problems was already significantly higher in 1997–1999 compared with limitation days due to mental health problems. Dtsch Arztebl Int. The design and methods of the mental health module in the German health interview and examination survey for adults (DEGS1-MH). Please see the 2017 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Methodological Summary and Definitions report for further information on how these data were collected and calculated. The CIDI is a standardized fully-structured computer-assisted clinical face-to-face interview. CAS  The CDC says one in five children ages 3 through 17 — about 15 million — have a diagnosable mental, emotional or behavioral disorder in a given year. "People who have stressors in their life that make them feel hopeless and helpless are more likely to become depressed," says Dr. Lieberman. 2010;44:901–10. Suicide Awareness Voices of Education report that 90% of people who die by suicide have an existing mental health condition or substance abuse disorder. Major depression is one of the most common mental disorders in the United States. The number of days with limitations in normal daily life activities due to mental or physical health problems (past 4 weeks) were assessed in the same way in both survey mental health modules [23, 24]: participants were asked on how many days during the past 4 weeks they were totally limited in daily life activities due to mental and physical health problems. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Major depressive disorder (MDD) during the last 12 months was assessed by trained interviewers based on the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). Arch Gen Psychiatry. Psychol Med. According to the CDC, 78.1% of children aged 3–17 years who had depression received treatment for it.

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